"The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". "Commentary on Jonah 3:9". Then the army of the country of Assyriadefeated Syria in war, which made S… Who can tell if God will turn and repent? We now then see the meaning of the words. God had given them the "sign" of the prophet Jonah (Luke 11:30); and they knew that Jonah, in the very midst of his rebellion against God, had nevertheless received mercy, and they may well have surmised that it could be even so with them. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. (5.) The hope then was that God (Elohim) would also ‘turn and repent’ in His attitude towards them, in other words would view them in a totally different way because of their change of heart. 3. And yet the sinner may well be uncertain whether he have obtained that penitence which makes him the object of those promises, not a servile repentance for fear of punishment, but true contrition out of the love of God.” And so by this uncertainty, while, with the fear of hell, there is mingled the fear of the loss of God, the fear of that loss, which in itself involves some love, is, by His grace, turned into a contrite love, as the terrified soul thinks “Who” He is, whom it had all but lost, whom, it knows not whether it may not lose. - The Ninevites use the same form of words, which God suggested by Joel to Judah. In the case of the Ninevites, the remission of the temporal and eternal punishment was bound up in one, since the only punishment which God had threatened was temporal, and if this was forgiven, that forgiveness was a token that His displeasure had ceased. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". They had never heard of the Cross. The Biblical Illustrator. So here they hid and starved, feeding on berries. 22 He said, “While the child was still alive, I fasted and wept; for I said, “Who knows, the LORD may be gracious to me, that the child may live.’ Ps 106:45. Quite the contrary. Himself has prescribed repentance; if we repent, and turn to him from our iniquities, who knows then whether God will not turn, etc. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. That distinction is, that the promises are recorded that they may be fulfilled, while the threatenings are written to prevent their fulfilment. Joel 2:13-14 BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Jonah 3:9". The only ground which their ready faith rested on was the fact of God sending one to warn them instead of destroying them at once; this suggested the thought of a possibility yet of pardon. They who fast for sin, must turn from the practice and love of it; else the mere afflicting of the body availeth not. (2.) 2. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/jonah-3.html. (2.) They were rich and mighty above all people. The king’s answer was, “Who can tell? By the time we get to Jonah 3, the prophet had finished his uncomfortable arrangement with the whale and arrived, rather unceremoniously, near Nineveh. 3. God sends him the second time to Nineveh, commanding him to preach what he had before ordered him; and herein he gave him a fresh token of his reconciliation and regard, and put him once more on the proof of his fidelity. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". But they doubted and hesitated about this, and yet repented with all carefulness. It is overthrown. Their acting on a vague possibility of God‘s mercy, without any special ground of encouragement, is the more remarkable instance of faith, as they had to break through long-rooted prejudices in giving up idols to seek Jehovah at all. "Commentary on Jonah 3:9". It arose and became more glorious, and all this intervening time has not effaced its glory, and we all yet celebrate it and marvel at it, that thenceforth it has become a most safe harbor to all who sin, not allowing them to sink into despair, but calling all to repentance, both by what it did and by what it gained from the Providence of God, persuading us never to despair of our salvation, but living the best we can, and setting before us a good hope, to be of good cheer that the end will anyhow be good" . Gracious … Astonishing to tell! Of the repentance of God we shall speak hereafter, either to-morrow or the day after. 1999. Some have supposed that the Ninevites had no hope when they turned to repentance, but that is inaccurate. Contextual Overview 5 And the people of Nineveh believed God; they proclaimed a fast, and everyone, great and small, put on sackcloth. Such repentance was rewarded by the blessing of God!SIZE>. REFLECTIONS.—1st, No more disobedient to the heavenly vision, we now find Jonah ready to go; and God, though he might justly have dismissed him from his service, employs him again. If you are conscious of guilt, your only hope of deliverance lies in the mercy of God. (4.) Suddenly they were startled from their security, and convinced of their sin. The event of the present war will appear dismally doubtful if we consider some scriptural prophecies, particularly in Daniel and the Revelation. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. God, in order that you may know His mercy, has been pleased to preserve instances thereof, that so often as you look upon them you may be led to say, if such and such an one was saved, why may not I? "Commentary on Jonah 3:9". They had not read the prophets nor heard the patriarchs, nor benefited by counsel, nor partaken of instruction, nor had they persuaded themselves that they should altogether propitiate God by repentance. It was a snare, and they made it a wall; a quicksand and precipice, and they made it a tower of safety. Sadly most probably later slipped back into a state of contentment with their idols. John Trapp Complete Commentary. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. It is unlikely that Jonah wasthe author. 1871-8. 1. - (cf. So skilful is He that with the weakest instrument He can produce the mightiest workmanship. The wrath was great, their provocations aggravated, their judgment just; but God is not inexorable; there is yet hope; and that encourages and hastens their repentance. Ultimately salvation is of the Lord ( Jonah 2:9). Jonah 3:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Jonah 3:9, NIV: "Who knows?God may yet relent and with compassion turn from his fierce anger so that we will not perish.'" They mourn, they grieve, are saddened, in sackcloth and ashes, in fastings and prayers. Where is that Nineveh? Jonah was a *prophet in the land of Israel about 800-750 BC.During this time, an important event happened to Israel. Jonah 3:9. Who can tell if God will turn and repent? There is in the meaning of the Prophet nothing ambiguous, for he introduces the king here as expressing a doubt, Who knows whether God will be reconciled to us? This was the forlorn hope of the Ninevites. We see the right influence of Jehovah’s threatenings in the case of Nineveh of old. It is these sorts of questions we are considering today as we look at Jonah 3:9, where the king of Nineveh expresses his hope that God will repent. ", Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, "Who knoweth if He will return and repent? This speech of theirs see Joel 2:14 2 Samuel 12:22 includes both faith and doubt, yet faith prevailing to the use of means. Tidings of this dreadful sentence were quickly carried to the palace; and, far from representing the prophet as a madman, or disturber of the peace, the nobles and people received him as an ambassador from God, and reported his message with great solemnity to their king; whereupon he rose from his throne, deeply affected with the prophet's word; and, laying aside the ensigns of royalty, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes; a noble example for his people's imitation, and a becoming expression of his own unfeigned humiliation. In Jonah’s message there was no proclamation of mercy made. New York. The miserable plight in which the men of nineveh found themselves. Israel shared itsnorthern border with Syria. Sin; national, epidemical sin, against an unknown God. if we return by repentance, to which God would now call us by this minatory admonition, he may perhaps return to us in mercy, and by the event show it was not an irrevocable sentence passed against us. - The Ninevites use the same form of words, which God suggested by Joel to Judah. The event of the present war, and the doom of our country and nation, will appear dreadfully uncertain if we consider our national guilt and impenitence. 1832. Who can tell if God will turn and repent? A fast was proclaimed, and all of them, from the greatest to the least, put on sackcloth. a. What if God treated Jonah the way Jonah wanted God to treat the people of Nineveh? Read Jonah 3 commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. There was also the matter of the forty days promised by the Lord before the destruction; they evidently understood this accurately as an opportunity for them to amend their ways and appeal for mercy. Many have marveled at the fact that the repentance of the Ninevites did not last; but, as far as we know, it lasted for that generation, and the blessing of God was continued for an extended time afterward. [Note: Gaebelein, p95.]. he speaks here not as nor as absolutely doubting, but as between hope and fear: for, by the light of nature, it is not certain that God will pardon men upon repentance; it is only probable or possible he may; neither the light of nature nor the law of Moses connect repentance and remission of sins, it is the Gospel does this; and it is only by the Gospel revelation that any can be assured that God will forgive, even penitent sinners; however, this Heathen prince encourages his subjects not to despair of, but to hope for, the mercy of God, though they could not be sure of it; and it may be observed, that he does not put their hope of not perishing, or of salvation, upon their fasting, praying, and reformation, but upon the will, mercy, and goodness of God. The Book of Jonah should be exceedingly comfortable to those who are despairing because of the wickedness of their times. They who carry God's warnings to a careless world must cry aloud, and, by their earnestness, shew how deeply they are affected with the dangers that they foretel. "They know not the issue, yet they neglect not repentance. Every mind must be agitated with doubtful expectations. Now he resents it when it is extended to others. Hence, they are cited by Christ as about to condemn in the judgment those who, with much greater light and privileges, yet repent not (Matthew 12:41). "That fear was the parent of salvation; the threat removed the peril; the sentence of overthrow stayed the overthrow. How then was it that the king of Nineveh had seriously and undissemblingly repented, while yet he spoke doubtfully of the favor of God? It afterwards follows —. God may turn towards us, change his purpose, and save us alive. It is natural to a penitent, while he has a full view of all his sins, in all their aggravations, to question whether such sins can be forgiven by so holy a God. Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not? Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. He was sent with a thundering commission, and he dealt it out in a thundering fashion. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/jonah-3.html. The threatening message was delivered. Note; (1.) They fled not the city, as we do now (from the earthquake), but, remaining, established it. Your Faithlife account signs you in to all our sites. "Commentary on Jonah 3:9". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/jonah-3.html. "The book is a challenge to all to hear God"s appeal to be like the sailors and the Ninevites in their submissiveness to Yahweh." 1 of 1. 2013. “Most certain are the promises of God, whereby He has promised pardon to the penitent. While it will be a happy thing for thee to be saved, it will be a serious thing for God to save thee. King James Version (KJV) The sentence threatening death was the parent of life. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. But this may seem contrary to the nature of faith; and then if it be opposed to faith, it follows that it must be inconsistent with repentance; for faith and repentance are connected together, as we have observed in other places; as no one can willingly submit to God, except he has previously known his goodness, and entertained a hope of salvation; for he who is touched only with fear avoids God’s presence; and then despair prevails, and perverseness follows. There is, therefore, no doubt but that the king of Nineveh entertained hope of deliverance; but at the same time his mind was perplexed, both on account of the sermon of Jonah and on account of the consciousness of his own sins: there were then two obstacles, which deprived the king’s mind of certainty, or at least prevented him from apprehending immediately the mercy of God, and from perceiving with a calm mind that God would be gracious to him. Meanwhile the Southern Confederacy was broken up, and peace was made between North and South. Ver. 2. One day an officer riding through found them and challenging them, heard their fears. Jonah Bible Study (DVDs + Paperback Study Guide) $59.99 Jonah Bible Study (Paperback Study Guide) $8.99 Jonah Bible Study (Digital Download) $59.99 Jonah Bible Study (PDF Digital Study Guide) $8.99 All Products. Sign Up to Use Our. And it was an evidence of humility that he acknowledged himself and his people to be sunk as it were, in the lowest hell, and yet ceased not to entertain some hope: for it is a strong proof of hope, when we still entertain it, though this be contrary to the whole order of nature, and wholly inconsistent with human reason. (3.) The Ninevites believed God. “In uncertainty they repented, and obtained certain mercy”. Jonah sent again to Nineveh, preaches there. "In uncertainty they repented, and obtained certain mercy" . John Darby’s Synopsis; The Geneva Study Bible; John Gill’s Exposition of the Bible; Jamieson, Faussett, and Brown; [Note: Keil, 1:107.] Wilt thou make Nineveh repent at the bidding of one man?