The Sumerian civilisation, Egyptian, Chinese, Greek and … Jack, S (1996): “An analysis of the relationship of teachers’ reported use of classroom management strategies on types of classroom interactions”. Journal of Behavioral Education, 6 (1), 67 – 87. One of the most important contributions to this school has been made by Chester I. Barnard. Butcher, K (2001): “Exploring the foundations of middle-school classroom management”. The authors state that the impact of a good behavior policy “largely comes through being clear, teaching appropriate behavior and giving positive feedback when pupils are behaving appropriately”. I observed a classic example of this in a Midland’s secondary school, where a child (B) had difficulty in completing work in his mathematics lessons, and as a result, was frequently disruptive and ill-mannered. One of the oldest alternative approaches that developed from the Behavior Management model is the Assertive Management theory advocated by the Canters (1976). How far, and how effectively, school discipline affects pupils’ behavior in wider society is unclear – and some researchers have argued that societal discipline is de facto the responsibility of all areas of society, and not just the education system. Wolfgang, C (2001):“Solving discipline and classroom management problems”. John Wiley & Sons. There are many elements that make a good manager, however, one of the critical qualities is leadership. On the other hand, ‘Human Relations School’ believes in the importance of human resources in the management. Modern Management Theory. She states that “some contemporary educators might object to using rewards and punishments to shape behavior”, but asserts that, with the support of teachers who are willing to assess the individual discipline situation, such an approach is still useful. In this theory the types… It is an extension of Skinner in that it focuses on actually teaching positive behavior, instead of just rewarding it. Cohen, J [et.al] (1993): “Handbook of School-Based Interventions: Resolving Student Problems and Promoting Healthy Educational Environments”. Jossey Bass Wiley, Page 3. This theory was opposed to the protagonism of the task, inherited from the scientific vision of Taylor; the structuralism of Fayol; and the bureaucracy advocated by Weber. This section provides critical analysis of some current policies and theories, and highlights the general importance of the results of each analysis. -BATPAC (Wheldall et.al, 1985), or the “Behavioral Approach to Teaching Primary Aged Children” is a model developed from Skinner’s work by researchers at Birmingham University. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. The key aspects of such a policy are: As Rogers (2000) noted: “Effective behavior management is essential to the smooth running of a school and in the creation of an environment where everyone’s rights. Canter and Canter (1976): “Assertive Discipline”. Canter & Associates (Publisher), 2001. The case study in section 2 provides a clear example of this occurring. Like Fayol, Barnard based his theories and approach to management on the basis of his first-hand experience as a top-level executive. 2 nd Edition. Reflecting wider concerns in society about the behavior of young people, the DFES has identified behavior management as one of its key policy areas. New members of staff are given a training session that defines their roles within the policy. Thanks for sharing blog on Importance of school management system. Secondly, and more broadly, Positive Assertive Management imitates wider society’s use of ‘rules’: the people they affect have an input in to their formation and implementation. These purposes or goals provide the crucial sense of direction which. In other words, his theory of management included, among other things this assumption about the supply of labor. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Role delegation: This includes defining the role of teachers and assistants in a learning situation, and also describing the responsibilities of wider staff. The Major Schools of Management Theory are: 1. Chapters 1 and 2. In some settings, aims are decided by the principal, often working in association with senior Behavior management is an integrated process, and must involve input from all relevant groups if it is to be successful. Rockwell, S (2006):“You can’t make me! The classroom teacher reached an agreement with B that, if he concentrated on his work, asked for assistance when he needed it and did not misbehave, he would be awarded a merit slip for each successful lesson. The writer concludes that “The majority [of parents in this school] show little responsibility towards developing good behavior and positive attitudes in their children, making the effective management of behavior extremely difficult”. In the case of misbehavior, there is a defined system of consequences, graded for severity, which will be similarly recorded: C: Recorded in the diary discussed with form teacher later, C3: After school detention: parents informed. School authorities all over the world are continuously engaged in numerous activities to efficiently manage school functions and provide a better educational experience to students. School policy cannot and does not aim to control all of these factors, rather it aims to provide a framework in which teachers, parents, support staff and students can work to eliminate “problem” behavior and promote positive relationships. There must also be scope for feedback from staff, pupils and parents. Positive Assertive Management can perhaps best be summed up by stating that, whereas earlier theories taught children how to behave, this theory teaches them why to behave, and thus is more likely to be applicable in their wider lives. ... Behaviour in Schools: theory and practice for teachers. However, some degree of common theoretical underpinning is necessary in a nationalised education system, and the work of behaviorists and other classroom management researchers provides a number of potentially useful tools for school policy-makers. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Decision-making: The head-teacher is ultimately responsible for the policy, and thus will maintain overall control. Do they have to Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Content is out of sync. The work of Skinner, and of subsequent researchers, has provided useful bac… A shows attention-seeking behavior in the classroom environment, which observation suggests may stem from difficulties with the understanding of written and spoken instructions, and feelings of insecurity owing to these difficulties. The extent to which schools can influence the wider behavior of their pupils depends on the degree of internal management consistency, the level of pupil involvement and the cooperation of parents. The effect a teacher has on the learning experiences of pupils is now and always will be the most important dimension of a school’s existence. This conclusion is reinforced by Wragg (1993), and by “behavior management”, where it is stated “It is important to underline that an over-emphasis on negative behavior destroys constructive atmosphere in the classroom”. However, there are a number of criticisms that can be made of Skinner’s original work, and therefore of the models derived from it. Leadership and management must go hand in hand, but they are not the same thing. I am delighted to come across such an interesting question from my field of study. One of the first schools of management thought, the classical management theory, developed during the Industrial Revolution when new problems related to the factory system began to appear. 10 merits in a term = a free school trip). However, there is little feedback available as to the reception that this model has received, and further work is necessary before it can be recommended as a positive development. There is great debate in the literature about the methods and final aims of achieving acceptable behavior standards in schools. Does the policy provide effective behavior control for classroom management? Meanwhile in schools with many classrooms in industrial developed towns and consolidated rural … Gunter, P (1997): “Negative Reinforcement in Classrooms”. Teacher Education and Special Education, 20 (3), 249 – 264. In terms of staff and timetable requirements, this behavior policy is more demanding than alternatives, and it requires a co-ordinated approach on behalf of the school management team. During my first year of teaching, I ran a mathematics support class as part of a primary school’s numeracy strategy. Management of Ideas and Principles VAT Registration No: 842417633. The students have their personal information and their academic records in the future in one data base. Policies that focus on Behavior Management, Policies that focus on Developing Responsibility. 10) Quantitative Management. In my current school (a large secondary in the Midlands), the head-teacher encourages development and discussion of behavior policy by nominating a different member of the senior management team to lead “classroom management” every year, whilst still maintaining overall control to ensure continuity. “More important than the curriculum is the question of the methods of teaching and the spirit in which the teaching is given” – Bertrand Russell. As stated in the introduction, every LEA and each school is expected to maintain a behavior policy, designed to integrate all staff in to a common approach to classroom management. The process of deciding on the aims of the organization is at the heart of educational management. Within a very short time, C realised that her behavior was not going to be commented on, and joined in the discussion – allowing me to positively reinforce her contributions.

importance of theory in school management

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